Cancer– One of the most dreadful diseases which is also second most leading reason behind the deaths in US, second only to heart diseases. According to the experts and researches, it has been said that 1 in 3 women and 1 in 2 men will develop cancer in their lifetime in upcoming future. According to the statistics, out of all the cancer cases only 5-10% cancer cases are due to genetic disorders whereas 90-95% cancer victims are the result of environmental and lifestyle factors. Smoking, tobacco usage, lack of nutrition, heavy consumption of alcohol, increasing obesity, less physical activities and increasing exposure to pollutants are the causes behind increasing levels of Cancer victims. Below mentioned is the list of 10 most fatal Cancer among men and women.
10 Ovarian Cancer
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Ovarian Cancer is the uncontrolled and abnormal growth of cells that occur in different parts of the ovary. It is merely impossible to detect Ovarian Cancer at the early stages as this form of cancer usually does not have symptoms that are associated with other issues. Therefore, it is also known as a silent killer. This form of cancer is easy to treat but the problem lies in detecting the cancer. The early symptoms of this cancer are sudden urgency to urinate, abdominal discomfort and pelvic pain. Mostly, Ovarian Cancer is common with the old age women with a median age of 63. It is most likely to occur to those having strong family background of breast and Ovarian Cancer. However, if preventively ovaries and fallopian tube are removed through surgeries, the chances are less. Ovarian Cancer is also a threat to women who smoke a lot or are overweight.
9 Kidney Cancer
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The form of cancer occurring in the kidney of men and women is known to be as Kidney Cancer. There are basically four forms of Kidney Cancer, out of which two most common are Renal Cell Carcinoma and Transitional Cell Carcinoma. There is more possibility of Kidney Cancer in men then in women, while the median age is 55. The treatment of the Kidney Cancer basically depends on four factors including type of cancer, stage of cancer, health of patient and symptoms. The most commonly occurring symptom of Kidney Cancer is blood in urine and persistent pain along with mass in abdomen. Heavy smoking increases the possibility of Kidney Cancer two fold. Other reasons include obesity, fault in genes, family history of Kidney Cancer or having kidney related diseases. People who have undergone surgeries for the testicular or cervical cancer also have chances to get infected by Kidney Cancer.
8 Skin Cancer
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Skin is one of the most important and the largest organ of human body. Skin Cancer is the abnormal growth of skin cells that tend to expand to the other body parts. Generally Skin Cancer is caused due to the exposure of skin to the ultraviolet rays of the sun. The exposure to ultraviolet radiation is threat to all three types of Skin Cancer, namely, Basal Cell Cancer, Squamous Cell Cancer and Melanoma. The most serious form of all three types is Melanoma. The risk factors causing Skin Cancer include a family history of Skin Cancer, extreme sunburns in the past, exposure to coal tar, pitch, and radium or arsenic compounds. The most common symptoms include change in skin texture, growth of a mole or spot, a sore not healing since long, spreading of pigmentation, change in sensation as itchiness, pain or tenderness. The best way to prevent Skin Cancer is to avoid direct exposure to intense sunlight.
7 Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
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Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) is a form of Blood Cancer in which white blood cells also known as Lymphocytes are infected by this cancer. There are various forms of NHL depending on the growth of cancer from aggressive to indolent. The cancer can be easily diagnosed by the symptoms that involve high fever, larger lymph nodes and weight loss. It is said that NHL is more deadly then Hodgkin Lymphoma. NHL is more common in males then in females and it also increases with the age. This could be treated with the help of chemotherapy, radio therapy, surgery, immune therapy and vaccine therapy.
6 Urinary Bladder Cancer
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Urinary bladder is a hollow organ in human body that collects the urine and leads to its excretion via urethra. Urinary Bladder Cancer is caused due to the abnormal growth of the cells forming bladder which results in the formation of tumor. There are higher chances of males suffering from bladder cancer than females. The most symptom of the disease is blood in urine. Other symptoms involve irritation while urinating and pain in the lower abdomen. There is three to four times more probability of occurring to smokers than to non-smokers. In order to diagnose the bladder cancer a method known is Cystoscopy is being performed.
5 Uterine Cancer
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Uterine Cancer or Womb Cancer is the form of the cancer that affects the uterus. Uterus is a pear shaped organ situated between the bladder and rectum in a woman. Uterus or Womb is an organ where a baby grows during pregnancy. The cancer begins in the woman’s reproductive system when the cells in the uterus grow uncontrollably and hence forms a Tumor. This tumor could b cancerous or non cancerous. The cancerous tumor has the ability to spread in other parts of the body. Basically there are two major forms of Uterine Cancer such as Adenocarcinoma and Sarcoma. The former develops from the cells forming the lining of the uterus called endometrium and makes up more than 80% of Uterine Cancer. The later develops in the supporting tissues of the uterus. The symptoms include unusual vaginal bleeding, difficulty in urinating and pain in pelvic area.
4 Colorectal Cancer
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Also known as Colon and Rectum cancer, Colorectal Cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer in both men and women. The Colorectal Cancer is caused by the uncontrollable growth of the cells in the lining of the colon and rectum which result in the formation of tumor. The tumor could be benign or cancerous. The Colorectal Cancer often starts with the formation of polyp, a non cancerous growth. If polyp is not treated or removes, it may potentially become cancer as it gets old. This form of cancer occurs generally after the age of 50. Men are slightly more inclined to suffer from disease rather than women. There is higher risk for those having family history of Colorectal Cancer or to those who already have had some other type of cancer. The symptoms involve change in the bowel activity, diarrhea, constipation, cramps, blood in stool, weight loss and iron deficiency anemia. The treatment option includes surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy.
3 Lung Cancer
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The formation of a tumor, nodule or lesion in the lungs is known as lung cancer. This tumor could develop anywhere within the lungs. There are basically two forms of Lung cancer as Non-small cell lung cancer and Small cell lung cancer of which the former is more common. Out of all forms of cancers, lung cancer accounts for 13% of total cancer diagnoses and 27% of the total deaths. Treatments for lung cancer involve surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and targeted therapy. The lung cancer could be treated by any of the four measures depending upon the type and stage of the cancer. The symptoms include fatigue, breath loss, chest pain, cough, coughing up mucus and blood. Lung cancer can also spread to the other parts of the human body- most commonly to the lymph nodes.
2 Breast Cancer
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When the cells in the breast of a woman grow uncontrollably and form a tumor and have a tendency to spread to other parts of the body, than it is known as Breast Cancer. It generally spreads through the regional lymph nodes that are situated under the arm, neck, chest bone or above the collar bone. There are basically two forms of Breast Cancer as Ductal Carcinoma and Lobular Carcinomas. The ductal carcinomas begin in the cells located in lining the milk duct while the cancer that occurs in the lobules of the breast is lobular carcinoma. The possibility of Breast Cancer increases according to the increasing age of a woman. The most basic symptom involve formation of knot like structure or thickening in the breast, sudden change in the size and shape of the breast, skin irritation, warm, red or swollen breasts, etc.
1 Prostate Cancer
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The malignant cancer that occurs in the prostate gland is Prostate Cancer. Prostate gland is a small gland situated behind the man’s penis below the bladder. The prostate gland produces a seminal fluid that helps and supports in the transportation of sperm. Compared to other cancers, prostate cancer is unusual as tumors do not spread from prostate. The symptoms involve tendency to urinate frequently, weak or interrupted urine flow, blood in the urine and seminal fluid, pain or burning sensation.